Charlottetown, PEI on TransCanadaHighway.com



The City of Charlottetown, incorporated in 1855, is located at the centre of Prince Edward Island, and is nationally recognized as the "Birthplace of Confederation". The province is hoem to some of Canada's prettiest oceanside beaches, some in a protected National Park on teh island's north shore. The Island is also home (around Cavendish) to Anne of Green Gables, a character featured in the novels by Lucy Maude Montgomery, and island native.

Charlottetown's commercial district includes 65,000 resident and the Charlottetown city has 39,000 people. Charlottetown has all the trappings of a modern urban centre, including some of the best educational facilities, cultural venues and economic opportunities in Canada. The 1997 opening of the Confederation Bridge joining Prince Edward Island to the mainland Canada increased the city's accessibility to other parts of Canada. Charlottetown boasts the lowest cost of living in Canada. The Median Selling Price of a 3 Bedroom Single Family Home is $80,000 (1996)

Victoria Park Waterfront Government service industries are the largest employers in Charlottetown, followed by health and social service industries. The city is home to both the University of Prince Edward Island and Holland College, both offering a wide range of programs, including applied arts and technical education.

Whether it's a visit to a park, an art gallery or the area's history, Charlottetown offers its visitors and residents lots to do every day of the week.

Whether it's a visit to a park, an art gallery or the area's history, Charlottetown offers its visitors and residents lots to do every day of the week.

Charlottetown History

Old Wagon on Charlottetown Experimental Farm

The Island was among the early discoveries of the explorer and navigator John Cabot, who named it Saint John, from the day of its discovery. Since Britain failed to lay a claim to it, the French included it in its colonies in 1523. In 1663, the Company of New France granted various islands in the St Lawrence to Sieur Doublet, a captain in the French navy, who established a few fishing stations but no permanent settlements.

Cannons along Victoria Park are a testament to early warfare in the area

The first Acadian and French colonists settled in 1720, at the settlement of Port la Joie across the harbor to the south of modern Charlottetown, and over the next 35 years, the Acadian population grew and developed. Over the next 40 years the area moved several times between English & French control but in 1758 after Louisburg fell Wolfe seized the Island of St John before capturing Quebec and removing North America from French control. The new British governors expelled the Acadians from the Atlantic colonies to what is now the State of Louisiana, deporting 6,000 in 1755 and 3,000 in 1758.

After the British took control of Prince Edward Island in 1763, Port la Joie became the site of Fort Amherst, protecting the harbor for Captain Samuel Holland's new Charlottetown settlement, just across the harbor from Port la Joie. Holland named it Charlotte Town, after Charlotte, wife of King George III, and in 1768 it became the capital of the colony. In 1768 Charles Morris, the chief surveyor for the colony of Nova Scotia laid out a detailed plan with 500 building lots on 270 acres (all between the waterfront and Euston Street) and 565 acres of common pasture area.

Charlottetown's first housing boom came in the mid 1800s Following the American Revolution, many Loyalists fled north from the former colonies to settle here. The colony took on the name of Prince Edward Island, and had had its first assembly in 1803. The Colonial Building (now called "Province House"), was completed in 1847, and hosted its first session of the Prince Edward Island legislature that year. During the session of 1863, an act to extend the elective franchise was passed, which made that privilege almost universal. In 1864, the Fathers of Confederation met in this building to discuss the union of the colonies.

In 1855, Charlottetown was incorporated, as well and in 1861, a commission settled all of the land claims on the island, which were poorly recorded until that time, The 1861 census counted 80,856 residents, including 356 Indians.



The Fathers of Confederation met at Charlottetown's province House in 1864

On July 16, 1866, the city experienced "The Great Fire", its worst of several fires, which broke out in an old building near the waterfront and destroyed nearly four city blocks with one hundred buildings, leaving 30 families homeless. The fire prompted the city government to promote brick construction, causing the many brick buildings of the downtown area to be built.

The question of a union of the North American Provinces originally considered just Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. The 1864 Charlottetown Conference expanded this plan included the colonies of Upper & Lower Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, and Prince Edward Island under one government. This led to the formation of Canada on July 1st, 1867, though ironically PEI didn't consider the terms fair enough to join Canada itself. The province's sandy soils made roads difficult to maintain and the cost & debt of building the Island's railway helped convince them to join Canada in 1873.

In the late 1800s, four industries became major income sources for Islanders: potatoes from the rich, sandy soil, fox-breeding in the western part of the island, lobster (once just used just as fertilizer) become loved by gourmets, and oysters particularly those from Malpeque Bay.

Ships, and in the winter nimble ice boats, were the prime method of getting shipments to and from the island, and in 1905, PEI had asked the federal government for a tunnel, but was turned down.. In 1916 regular ferry service to the island was started. By 1921 Charlottetown's population had grown to 10,814.

the Armoury is where PEI's soldiers trained for the two world wars

In 1964, The Confederation Centre of the Arts is built as the National Memorial to the Fathers of Confederation, who met at the 1864 Charlottetown Conference. The Centre is home to the world-famous Charlottetown Festival, as well as Canadian musical theatre and comedy, art, exhibitions, music, dining, shopping and free guided tours.

In 1983 the federal Department of Veteran's Affairs was relocated to Charlottetown, as part of the Trudeau government's efforts to decentralize the federal government to be moved out of the Canadian national capital of Ottawa. This was followed a decade later by the location of the Goods & Services Tax (GST) offices.

Charlottetown's Confederation Centre of the Arts

In 1992 Charlottetown was the site of the signing of the Charlottetown Accord, an agreement between Canadian federal and provincial governments designed to amend the Canadian constitution. Charlottetown was chosen for the signing because of its significance as the Birthplace of Confederation. The accord was defeated in a national vote on October 26, 1992. In 1993 Great George Street is designated as a National Historic District, graced with the splendor of Province House National Historic Site, which is both the seat of Island government and the location of the 1864 Charlottetown Conference.

In 1997, the 13 km (8 mi) long Confederation Bridge became the first highway link between Prince Edward Island and the mainland. It is the world's longest multi-span bridge over salt water, and replaces a ferry service along the same route, leaving just the ferry across the Northumberland Strait from Wood Islands, east of Charlottetown, to North Sydney, Nova Scotia.

Victoria Park's scenic waterfront

In 2001, Founders' Hall and Canada's Birthplace Pavilion, celebrates its grand opening. The 1906 building was originally the CN railway car repair shop and is now a 21,000 square foot heritage attraction, restaurant and retail boutique.

Environmentally conscious Islanders have been opposed to absentee landlord development and formed watchdog groups to keep an eye on development. Land use conflicts have pitted farmers, fishermen, and environmentalists against powerful local business and tourism interests as well as the federal government, with the provincial government taking the middle ground.

Today PEI produces half the world's potatoes, with half produced in Prince County. PEI seedlings and agricultural advice have helped potato across in 32 countries around the world.

Charlottetown photos shot for FoundLocally by Ryan Palmer and Andrew Chisholm.

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Fredericton Accommodation & Attractions

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Charlottetown AccommodationsGreen Park Campground C/o Bonnie Wood

Wooden shipbuilding display centre and museum, nature trail, playground, river beach. Activity centre and park recreation and interpretive programs. Private wooded and river-front tent sites available.

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Charlottetown AccommodationsSunset Campground

Stay our our wonderful campground, and enjoy the great outdoors… see our website for details

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Charlottetown AccommodationsBayside Travel Park

Bayside RV Campground is centrally located in Beautiful Green Gables Shore on Rustico Bay, just off route #6 in Oyster Bed Bridge. We have pull-through sites which are large and grass covered with a level pad for parking.

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Charlottetown AccommodationsTraveller's Inn PEI

Motel with indoor-heated pool, lounge, meeting rooms, popcorn machine, tanning bed, PC hookup in-room

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Charlottetown AccommodationsCornwall KOA Campground

Wide, grassy RV sites and shady tent sites border the wide West River. Take a dip in the heated Olympic-size pool before you watch movies and play Ping-Pong or a game of pool in the huge activity center.

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Charlottetown Travel & AttractionsGlen Afton Golf Course

Play either the scenic front nine or the challenging coastal back nine, with a beautiful coastal water views and breezes of the Northumberland Strait. The interesting course layout provides fun and challenge for all golfers. Pro Shop, renta

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Charlottetown Travel & AttractionsBeaver Valley Golf Club

Discover a golf challenge no golfer will soon forget. Licensed restaurant and lounge. Full rental services available. Advance bookings accepted. Open May-Oct. Junior and senior rates available.

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Charlottetown Travel & AttractionsRossignol Estate Winery

PEI grown red wines, white wines and fruit wines, groqwn by John Rossignol Winemaker.

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Charlottetown Travel & AttractionsNational Car And Truck Rental

National Car Rental operates in over 3,000 locations, and operates over 275,000 quality vehicles that serve over 15 million business & leisure travelers annually.

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Charlottetown Travel & AttractionsSt. Felix Golf & Country Club Ltd

The Island's best-kept secret. Designed by world-renowned architect Graham Cooke and Associates. Only one and a half miles from the beautiful beaches of Donahue Shores., close to lovely cottages, inn, bed &breakfasts and restaurants. Op

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