259 Park Service Road
Louisbourg, NS B1C 2L2
(902) 733-2280, Fax: (902) 733-2362
The Site is located south of Sydney on Route 22, just beyond the modern town of Louisbourg. Take Exit 8 near Sydney. Driving time is 30 minutes. An alternate route is the scenic and coastal Marconi Trail, Route 255, from Glace Bay. Driving time is one hour.
If you're driving from the Canso Causeway, take Route 4, the Fleur-de-Lis Trail, or TransCanada Highway 104 to Sydney. Or follow TransCanada Highway 105 through Baddeck to North Sydney and take Highway 125 to Sydney. Then take Exit 8 near Sydney to Route 22. Driving time for either route is 2.5 hours
Experience 1744 Louisbourg, then a thriving seaport and capital of Īle Royale (Cape Breton Island). The Fortress of Louisbourg guarded one of France's busiest harbours in the New World.
In 1719 the French began to construct a fortified town at Louisbourg, which was completed in 1745. While the fortress left the harbour well defended, the landward fortifications were close to (but not placed on top of) high ground, which turned out to provide excellent locations for enemy siege batteries. In 1745 New Englanders took only 46 days to capture the fortress, later returned to the French. In 1758 Louisbourg was besieged a second time by 13,100 British troops supported by a 14,000 crew on board 150 ships, who captured the fortress in seven weeks. Determined that Louisbourg would never again become a fortified French base, the British demolished the fortress walls.
In 1961, the Government of Canada began a $25 million project to reconstruct about a quarter of the original town and fortifications. Within this area the buildings, yards, gardens and streets are being recreated as they were during the 1740s, immediately preceding Louisbourg's first siege.
The work at Louisbourg included archaeological excavation, yielding millions of artifacts as well as the recovery of the ruins of fortifications and buildings. As well, 750,000 pages of documents and 500 maps and plans have been copied from various archives in France, England, Scotland, the United States and Canada.
Visitor Centre hours:
May 1 to June 30
9:30 am to 5 pm.
July 1 to August 31
9 am to 6 pm
September 1 to October 15
9:30 am to 5 pm
May and October 16 -31
No animation or services.
Daily (June to September)
Commercial Group, per person
Daily (May and October)
Commercial Group, per person
Theme Centres & Exhibits
These activities relate to specific aspects of the Louisbourg story.
Caution: The Fortress of Louisbourg is a faithful reproduction of an 18th-century town. Many areas require caution when visiting, with some cobblestone walking areas being uneven, buildings dimly lit, and ramparts and walls are unprotected by guard rails or barricades. You may see both domestic and wild animals on-site; do not try to pet or feed them.
Walk through the 18th-century ruins of buildings and fortifications. A self-guiding brochure and exhibit panels describe the ruins. The walk begins near the Museum.
Picnic near the site of the oldest lighthouse in Canada or at landing areas of siege forces.
There are two beautiful ocean beaches offering supervised and non-supervised swimming at nearby Kennington Cove and Anson's Cove, accessible until September 30.