Almost every part of Canada is suitable for farming of vegetables, though Ontario’s northern Canadian Shield and much of Newfoundland have suitable soil conditions only in select pockets along the highway. You will recognize fields of low bushes along the highway, growing in rows.


Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans or other animals as food. Typical head (or flower) vegetables include artichokes, broccoli, and cauliflower. Potatoes, carrots, and beets grow the vegetables as part of their root systems.

A fruit also develops from the flower of a plant, while typically the other parts of the plant are categorized as vegetables. Fruits contain seeds, while vegetables can consist of roots, stems and leaves.

Pulse Crops

Pulses are annual crops that yield between one and 12 grains or seeds  from a legume plant. Pulses include beans, lentils, and peas. For example, a pea pod is a legume, but the pea inside the pod is the pulse.

Fredericton's Boyce Farmers Market


Any plant (without a woody stem) with leaves, seeds, or flowers used for flavoring, food, medicine, or perfume. The most common herbs in Canada are Basil, Cilantro, Dill, Mint, Oregano, Parsley (Italian), Parsley (Curly), and Rosemary